Technical Tips

Calibrating the Ultrapen PT3 ORP Pen: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 4 Apr, 2014

TweetCalibration of the Ultrapen PT3 ORP Pen The factory recommends calibrating twice a month, depending on usage. However, you should check the calibration whenever measurements are not as expected. NOTE: If the measurement is NOT within calibration limits for any reason, “Error” will display. Check to make sure you are using a proper ORP calibration […]

how to calibrate orp with the ultrapen pt3

how to calibrate orp with the ultrapen pt3

Calibration of the Ultrapen PT3 ORP Pen
The factory recommends calibrating twice a month, depending on usage. However, you should check the calibration whenever measurements are not as expected.
NOTE: If the measurement is NOT within calibration limits for any reason, “Error” will display. Check to make sure you are using a proper ORP calibration solution. If the solution is correct, clean the sensor as described im the manual under Routine Maintenance. (Reconditioning the sensor should not be necessary due to the high ionic strength of the calibration solutions.) Restart calibration.
NOTE: Small bubbles trapped in the sensor may give a false calibration. After calibration is completed, measure the ORP calibration solution again to verify correct calibration. Remember, in measurement mode you must manually correct for temperature variance from 25ºC. Example: At 25ºC, ORP2602OZ calibration solution will read 260mV; however, at 20.0ºC ORP2602OZ will read 265mV.
NOTE: If at any point during calibration, you do not submerge the sensor in solution
before the flashing slows, allow the PT3 to turn off and start over.

A. Calibration Preparation
1. Ensure the ORP sensor is clean and free of debris.
2. For maximum accuracy, pour a small amount of the calibration solution into a separate container to rinse the sensor in prior to calibration. If this is not possible, rinse the sensor in clean water prior to calibration.

B. Calibration
Use Myron L Company 80mV Quinhydrone, 260mV Quinhydrone, or 470mV Light’s ORP Calibration Solution.
1. Thoroughly rinse the PT3 by submerging the sensor in ORP calibration rinse solution and swirling it around.
2. Push and release the push button to turn the PT3 on.
3. Push and hold the push button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
4. Release the button when “CAL” displays. The display will indicate “CAL” and
the LED will flash rapidly.
5. While the LED flashes rapidly, dip the PT3 in ORP calibration solution so that
the sensor is completely submerged.
6. While the LED flashes slowly, the display will indicate “ [value] CAL”; swirl the
PT3 around to remove bubbles, keeping the sensor submerged.
7. If the ORP calibration is successful, the display will indicate “CAL SAVEd”, then time out.
8. Verify calibration by retesting the calibration solution.

C. Factory Calibration
When ORP calibration solution is not available, the PT3 can be returned to factory default calibration using the FAC CAL function. This will erase any stored wet calibration.
NOTE: default factory calibration resets the electronics only and does NOT take the condition of the sensor into consideration.
To return your PT3 to factory calibration:
1. Push and release the push button.
2. Push and hold the push button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
3. Release the button when “FAC CAL” displays. The display will alternate between “PUSHnHLD” and “FAC CAL”.
4. Push and hold the push button until “SAVEd FAC” displays indicating the PT3 has been reset to its factory calibration.

MyronLMeters.com is the premier internet retailer of the Ultrapen PT3 and other reliable Myron L meters. Save 10% on Myron L meters when you order online HERE.

Categories : Application Advice, Care and Maintenance, Product Updates, Technical Tips

Ultrapen PT3 ORP Pen Measurement: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 4 Apr, 2014

TweetOPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Ultrapen PT3 ORP Pen NOTE: Selecting “ESC” from any menu immediately turns the PT3 off without saving changes. I. Temperature Unit Selection The PT3 allows you to select the type of units used for displaying temperature: °C (Degrees Celsius) or °F (Degrees Fahrenheit). To set the preference: 1. Push and release the push button […]

how to measure orp with the ultrapen pt3

how to measure orp with the ultrapen pt3

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Ultrapen PT3 ORP Pen
NOTE: Selecting “ESC” from any menu immediately turns the PT3 off without saving changes.

I. Temperature Unit Selection
The PT3 allows you to select the type of units used for displaying temperature:
°C (Degrees Celsius) or °F (Degrees Fahrenheit).
To set the preference:
1. Push and release the push button to turn the PT3 on.
2. Push and hold the button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
3. Release the button while “ºCºF TEMP” is displayed. The display will alternate between “PUSHnHLD” and “ºCºF TEMP”.
4. Push and hold the button. The display will alternate between “°C”, “°F” and “ESC”. Release the button when desired unit preference displays.
5. “SAVEd ºC” or “SAVEd ºF” will display; then the PT3 will turn off.

II. ORP Mode Selection
The PT3 allows you to select the ORP measurement mode you prefer:
Hold Mode (default) — once stabilized, the readings are captured then displayed.
LIVE Mode — real-time readings are displayed continuously during measurement.
To set the pH measurement mode preference:
1. Push and release the push button to turn the PT3 on.
2. Push and hold the button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
3. Release the button when “ModE SEL” is displayed. The display will alternate between “PUSHnHLD” and “ModE SEL”.
4. Push and hold the push button. The display will alternate between “Hold”, “LIVE” and “ESC”.
5. Release the button when desired mode displays.
6. “SAVEd” will display, then the PT3 will turn off.

III. ORP Measurement
The following table explains what the LED Indicator Light signals indicate and gives the duration of each signal:

Capture

 

 

 

 

CAUTION: To measure solution at the extremes of the specified temperature or ORP range, or when changing between solutions that have extreme differences in ORP values, or from high to low ionic strength: Rinse the sensor thoroughly with clean water then allow it to soak in a sample of the solution to be tested for a minimum of 1 minute.
(In some applications you may want to allow the sensor to soak in solution for an hour or more.)
NOTE: If you cannot dip the sensor in the sample solution, pour the sample into a clean container. If you don’t have a container or need to test a vertical stream of solution, use the scoop to hold sample solution.

1. Rinse the PT3. If measuring from a container, submerge the sensor and swirl it around in FRESH sample solution 3 times. Alternatively, 30 seconds under a stream or swirling in a body of water is sufficient to prepare the sensor for measurement.
2. Remove PT3 from solution. (Fill the container one more time with FRESH sample solution, if applicable.) Then push and release the push button.
3. Grasp the PT3 by its case with your fingers positioned between the display
and the battery cap to avoid sample contamination.
4. While the LED flashes rapidly, dip the PT3 in FRESH sample solution so that
the sensor is completely submerged.
5. While the LED flashes slowly, swirl the PT3 around to remove bubbles,
keeping the sensor submerged.
a. In Hold mode when the LED turns on solid, remove the PT3 from solution. The display will alternate between the final ORP and temperature readings. Note the readings for your records.
b. In LIVE mode allow the PT3 to remain in solution while the LED flashes slowly. The display will alternate between live ORP and temperature readings. Note the readings for your records. LIVE measurement will time out after 90 seconds OR push and release the push button to turn the PT3 off at any time during LIVE measurement.

MyronLMeters.com is the premier internet retailer of the Ultrapen PT3 and other reliable Myron L meters. Save 10% on Myron L meters when you order online HERE.

Categories : Application Advice, Product Updates, Technical Tips

Replacing the Ultrapen PT2 pH Tester Battery: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 3 Apr, 2014

TweetI. Battery Replacement The PT2 display has a battery charge indicator that depicts the life left in the battery. When the indicator icon is at 3 bars, the battery is full. When the indicator icon falls to 1 bar, replace the battery with an N type battery.             1. In […]

I. Battery Replacement
The PT2 display has a battery charge indicator that depicts the life left in the battery. When the indicator icon is at 3 bars, the battery is full. When the indicator icon falls to 1 bar, replace the battery with an N type battery.

Capture

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. In a CLEAN DRY environment unscrew the pen cap in a counter-clockwise motion.
2. Slide the cap and battery housing out of the pen.
3. Remove the depleted battery out of its housing.
4. Insert a new battery into the battery housing oriented with the negative end touching the spring.
5. Align the groove along the battery housing with the guide bump inside the pen case and slide the battery housing back in.
6. Screw the pen cap back on in a clockwise direction. Do not overtighten.

MyronLMeters.com is the premier internet retailer of the Ultrapen PT2 and other reliable Myron L meters. Save 10% on Myron L meters when you order online HERE.

Categories : Application Advice, Care and Maintenance, Technical Tips

Calibrating the Ultrapen PT2 pH Tester: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 3 Apr, 2014

Tweet I.      Calibration The factory recommends calibrating the Ultrapen PT2 pH tester twice a month, depending on usage. However, you should check the calibration whenever measurements are not as expected. 3-point Wet Calibration is most accurate and is recommended. NOTE: If the measurement is NOT within calibration limits for any reason, “Error” will display. Check […]

I.      Calibration

The factory recommends calibrating the Ultrapen PT2 pH tester twice a month, depending on usage. However, you should check the calibration whenever measurements are not as expected. 3-point Wet Calibration is most accurate and is recommended.

NOTE: If the measurement is NOT within calibration limits for any reason, “Error” will display. Check to make sure you are using a proper pH buffer solution. If the solution is correct, clean the glass bulb of the sensor with a cotton swab soaked in isopropyl alcohol. Restart calibration.

NOTE: Small bubbles trapped in the sensor may give a false calibration. After calibration is completed, measure the pH buffer solutions again to verify correct calibration.

NOTE: If at any point during calibration, you do not submerge the sensor in solution

before the flashing slows, allow the pen to power off and start over.

A.    Calibration Preparation

  1. For maximum accuracy, fill 2 clean containers with each pH buffer. Arrange them in such a way that you can clearly remember which is the rinse solution and which is the calibration buffer. If you don’t have enough buffer, you can use 1 container of each buffer for calibration and 1 container of clean water for all rinsing. Always rinse the pH sensor between buffer solutions.

2.   Ensure the pH sensor is clean and free of debris.

B.    3-Point Calibration

Use pH 7, 4 and 10 buffers for 3-point calibration.

1. Thoroughly rinse the pen by submerging the sensor in pH 7 buffer rinse solution and swirling it around.

2. Push and release the push button to turn the unit on.
3. Push and hold the push button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
4. Release the button when “CAL” displays. The display will indicate “CAL” and the LED will flash rapidly. 
5. While the LED flashes rapidly, dip the pen in pH 7 buffer calibration solution so that the sensor is completely submerged. 
6. While the LED flashes slowly, the pH calibration point will display along with “CAL”. Swirl the pen around to remove bubbles, keeping the sensor submerged.
7.   If the pH 7 calibration is successful, the display will indicate “SAVED”, then “PUSHCONT” will be displayed.

8.   Push and release the push button to continue. The LED will begin flash rapidly.Repeat steps 5 through 8 with pH 4 and 10 buffer calibration solutions.After the 3rd calibration point is successfully saved, the display will indicate “SAVED” and power off.Verify calibration by retesting the calibration solution.

C.    2-Point Calibration

Use pH 7 and 4 or 10 buffers for 2-point calibration.

  1. Thoroughly rinse the pen by submerging the sensor in pH 7 buffer rinse solution and swirling it around.
  2. Push and release the push button to turn the unit on.
  3. Push and hold the push button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
  4. Release the button when “CAL” displays. The display will indicate “CAL” and the LED will flash rapidly.
  5. While the LED flashes rapidly, dip the pen in pH 7 buffer calibration solution so that the sensor is completely submerged.
  6. While the LED flashes slowly, the pH calibration point will display along with “CAL”. Swirl the pen around to remove bubbles, keeping the sensor submerged.
  7. If the pH 7 calibration is successful, the display will indicate “SAVEd”, then “PUSHCONT” will be displayed.
  8. Push and release the push button to continue. The LED will begin flashimg rapidly.

Repeat steps 5 through 7 with pH 4 or 10 buffer calibration solution.

Leave the pen in the same buffer solution until the unit powers off. The offset will be applied to the remaining calibration point.
Verify calibration by retesting the calibration solution.

 

D.    1-Point Calibration

Use pH 7, 4 or 10 buffer for 1-point calibration.

  1. Thoroughly rinse the pen by submerging the sensor in pH buffer rinse solution and swirling it around.
  2. Push and release the push button to turn the unit on.
  3. Push and hold the push button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
  4. Release the button when “CAL” displays. The display will indicate “CAL” and the LED will flash rapidly.
  5. While the LED flashes rapidly, dip the pen in pH buffer calibration solution so that the sensor is completely submerged.
  6. While the LED flashes slowly, the pH calibration point will display along with “CAL”; swirl the pen around to remove bubbles, keeping the sensor submerged.

If the pH calibration is successful, the display will indicate “SAVEd”, then “PUSHCONT” will be displayed. “PUSHCONT” will not display if you calibrated 4 or 10.

Leave the pen in the same buffer solution until the unit powers off. The offset will be applied to the remaining calibration points.

Verify calibration by retesting the calibration solution.

E.    Factory Calibration

When pH buffers are not available, the PT2 can be returned to factory default calibration using the FAC CAL function. This will erase any stored wet calibration. NOTE: default factory calibration resets the electronics only and does NOT take the condition of the sensor into consideration.

To  return your unit to factory calibration:

  1. Push and release the push button.
  2. Push and hold the push button. The display will alternate between “CAL”, “FAC CAL”, “ºCºF TEMP”, “ModE SEL” and “ESC”.
  3. Release the button when “FAC CAL” displays. The display will alternate between “PUSHnHLD” and “FAC CAL”.
  4. Push and hold the push button. “SAVED FAC” displays indicating the pen has been reset to its factory calibration.

MyronLMeters.com is the premier internet retailer of the Ultrapen PT2 and other reliable Myron L meters. Save 10% on Myron L meters when you order online HERE.

Categories : Application Advice, Care and Maintenance, Product Updates, Technical Tips

pH Calibration of the Ultrameter 6PFCE: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 23 Mar, 2014

Tweet  *Note: This procedure applies to the Ultrameter, PoolPro, TechPro, and D-6 Dialysate meter. IMPORTANT: Always “zero” your Ultrameter II with a pH 7 buffer solution before adjusting the gain with acid or base buffers, i.e., 4 and/or 10, etc. a. pH Zero Calibration (6PFCE) 1. Rinse sensor well and cell cup 3 times with […]

 

*Note: This procedure applies to the Ultrameter, PoolPro, TechPro, and D-6 Dialysate meter.

IMPORTANT: Always “zero” your Ultrameter II with a pH 7 buffer solution

before adjusting the gain with acid or base buffers, i.e., 4 and/or 10, etc.

a. pH Zero Calibration (6PFCE)

1. Rinse sensor well and cell cup 3 times with 7 buffer solution.

2. Refill both sensor well and cell cup with 7 buffer solution.

3. Press

pH

 

 

 

 

to verify the pH calibration. If the display shows 7.00, skip the pH

Zero Calibration and proceed to pH Gain Calibration.

4. Press

CAL key

 

 

 

 

 

to enter calibration mode. “CAL”, “BUFFER” and “7” will appear on the display.

display

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Displayed value will be the uncalibrated sensor.

NOTES: If a wrong buffer is added (outside of 6-8 pH),“7” and “BUFFER

will flash, and the Ultrameter II will not adjust.

The uncalibrated pH value displayed in step 4 will assist in determining

the accuracy of the pH sensor. If the pH reading is above 8 with pH 7

buffer solution, the sensor well needs additional rinsing or the pH sensor

is defective and needs to be replaced.

5. Press

Up

 

 

 

 

or

Down

 

 

 

 

until the display reads 7.00.

NOTE: Attempted calibration of >1 pH point from factory calibration will

cause “FAC” to appear. This indicates the need for sensor replacement

or fresh buffer solution. The “FAC” internal electronic calibration is not intended to

replace calibration with pH buffers. It assumes an ideal pH sensor. Each “FAC”

indicates a factory setting for that calibration step (i.e., 7, acid, base).

You may press

CAL key

 

 

 

 

 

to accept the preset factory value, or you may

reduce your variation from factory setting by pressing

Up

 

 

 

 

or

Down

 

 

 

 

6. Press to accept the new value. The pH Zero Calibration

is now complete. You may continue with pH Gain Calibration or

exit by pressing any measurement key.

b. pH Gain Calibration (6PFCE)

IMPORTANT: Always calibrate or verify your Ultrameter II with a pH 7

buffer solution before adjusting the gain with acid or base buffers, i.e.,

4 and/or 10, etc. Either acid or base solution can be used for the 2nd

point “Gain” calibration and then the opposite for the 3rd point. The

display will verify that a buffer is in the sensor well by displaying either

Acd” or “bAS”.

1. The pH calibration mode is initiated by either completion of the

pH Zero Calibration, or verifying 7 buffer and pressing the

CAL key

 

 

 

 

 

key twice while in pH measurement mode.

2. At this point the “CAL”, “BUFFER” and “Acd” or “bAS

will be displayed (see Figures 7 and 8).

Capture

 

NOTE: If the “Acd” and “bAS” indicators are blinking, it indicates

an error and needs either an acid or base solution present in the sensor

well.

3. Rinse sensor well 3 times with acid or base buffer solution.

4. Refill sensor well again with same buffer solution.

5. Press

Up

 

 

 

 

or

Down

 

 

 

 

until the display agrees with the buffer value.

6. Press

CAL key

 

 

 

 

 

to accept the 2nd point of calibration. Now the

display indicates the next type of buffer to be used.

Single point Gain Calibration is complete. You may continue for the 3rd

point of Calibration (2nd Gain) or exit by pressing any measurement key.

Exiting causes the value accepted for the buffer to be used for both acid

and base measurements.

To continue with 3rd point calibration, use basic buffer if acidic buffer

was used in the 2nd point, or vice-versa. Again, match the display to the

known buffer value as in step 2 and continue with the following steps:

7. Repeat steps 3 through 6 using opposite buffer solution.

8. Press

CAL key

 

 

 

 

 

to accept 3rd point of calibration, which completes the Calibration procedure.

Fill sensor well with Sensor Storage Solution and replace protective cap.

You can find technical advice and videos, the calibration solutions you need, and reliable Myron L meters
at MyronLMeters.com
Categories : Application Advice, Care and Maintenance, Product Updates, Technical Tips

TDS Calibration on the Ultrameter II 6PIIFCe: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 23 Mar, 2014

Tweet  *Note: This procedure applies to the Ultrameter, PoolPro, TechPro, and D-6 Dialysate meter. a. Fill and rinse the conductivity cell three times with a 442 standard solution. In this example, we’re using 442-3000. b. Refill conductivity cell with same standard solution you rinsed with. c. Press           then press   […]

 

*Note: This procedure applies to the Ultrameter, PoolPro, TechPro, and D-6 Dialysate meter.

a. Fill and rinse the conductivity cell three times with a 442 standard solution. In this example, we’re using 442-3000.

b. Refill conductivity cell with same standard solution you rinsed with.

c. Press

TDS

 

 

 

 

 

then press

 

.CAL key

 

 

 

 

The “CAL” icon will appear in the top center of the display. In this example, the reading shows 2988.

d. Press

Up

 

 

 

 

 

or

Down

 

 

 

 

 

to step the displayed value toward the standard’s value.

In this example, we’re pressing

 

Up

 

 

 

 

 

to go down from 2988 to 3000. You can also hold a key down to scroll rapidly.

e. Press

 

CAL key

 

 

 

 

 

once to confirm the new value and end the calibration.

You can find technical advice and videos, the calibration solutions you need, and reliable Myron L meters
at MyronLMeters.com
 
 

 

Categories : Application Advice, Care and Maintenance, Product Updates, Technical Tips

Conductivity Calibration on the Ultrameter II 6PIIFCe: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 23 Mar, 2014

Tweet  *Note: This procedure applies to the Ultrameter, PoolPro, TechPro, and D-6 Dialysate meter. a.  Fill and rinse the conductivity cell three times with a KCL standard solution. In this example, we’re using KCL-7000. b. Refill conductivity cell with same standard solution you rinsed with. c. Press         then press .   […]

 

*Note: This procedure applies to the Ultrameter, PoolPro, TechPro, and D-6 Dialysate meter.

a.  Fill and rinse the conductivity cell three times with a KCL standard solution. In this example, we’re using KCL-7000.

b. Refill conductivity cell with same standard solution you rinsed with.

c. Press

COND

 

 

 

 

then press

CAL key

.

 

 

 

The “CAL” icon will appear on the display.

display

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

d. Press

Up

 

 

 

or

Down

 

 

 

 

to step the displayed value toward the standard’s value.

In this example, we’re pressing

Down

 

 

 

 

to go down from 7032 to 7000. You can also hold a key down to scroll rapidly.

e. Press

CAL key

 

 

 

 

 

once to confirm the new value and end the calibration.

You can find technical advice and videos, the calibration solutions you need, and reliable Myron L meters
at MyronLMeters.com
Categories : Application Advice, Care and Maintenance, Product Updates, Technical Tips

Questions About Inline Monitors, Controllers, Aquaswitches: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 20 Mar, 2014

TweetMyronLMeters.com is the premier online distributor of Myron L Instruments. We make it easy to shop for your water quality testing instruments online. We understand that in order to make a buying decision you need more than just a recommendation or a product description. At MyronLMeters.com you will find detailed information about every product, including […]

MyronLMeters.com is the premier online distributor of Myron L Instruments. We make it easy to shop for your water quality testing instruments online. We understand that in order to make a buying decision you need more than just a recommendation or a product description. At MyronLMeters.com you will find detailed information about every product, including demo videos and customer reviews.

Since the 1960s, Myron L products have led the industry in high quality, simple to operate conductivity and pH instrumentation for municipal, commercial and industrial water quality control, chemical concentration testing and process control. Today, Myron L meters are more convenient than ever to research and buy right here at MyronLMeters.com. We provide the background, insight, product imagery and specifications you need to make the right choice–all in one convenient online store. Have questions that aren’t answered in our FAQ section or on the blog? Ask an expert by filling out a short form and we’ll respond with an answer within 24 hours. At MyronLMeters.com our mission is simple: Provide the best products with the best service, every day. We are proud to represent a quality product from a quality manufacturer!

My 750 Series II Monitor or Monitor/Controller display shows a 1, then a space, then a decimal point. What does this mean?
This is an over-range condition that can be fixed by performing an Electronic calibration of the circuit board. Please see directions in the Operations Manual or follow this brief review of Electronic Calibration. Hook up a Multi-Meter to the R+ and R- leads located at the top of the circuit board, switch the Multi-Meter to DC volts, push the Full Scale Push to Test button and read the DC voltage on the Multi-Meter. While pushing the Full Scale Push to Test button, adjust the CAL screw on the circuit board until the Multi-Meter reads 9.95-10.00 VDC. The display on the Myron L Monitor or Monitor/Controller should now read Full Scale.

How do I pick the correct range module for my Monitor or Monitor/Controller?
You must pick a range module that covers your 2/3 of your operating range. If you pick a range module that is too broad, then your accuracy will suffer or it will not show a number on the display. For example, if your operating range is 100-150 microsiemens, a range module of 0-200 microsiemens (-115) would be a good choice. A range module of 0-5,000 microsiemens (-123) would not be a good choice for this application.

Why does my displayed number fluctuate?
There is air or air bubbles around the sensor or the sensor is not properly installed. Tap on the sensor body to dislodge air bubbles or loosen securing nut to release trapped air. The sensor tip must be in the flow of water.

My device connected to the dry contact relay does not work and has no power. What do I do?
The Myron L dry contact relay does not draw power from the circuit board. You must supply the power to the relay to power your device.

Why is the display number on the Monitor or Monitor/Controller negative?
This is the offset that is being display and is caused when the sensor is not hooked up or is hooked up and sitting in air.

Why is the displayed number on the Monitor or Monitor/Controller half the reading than it should be?
This is caused when the 115/230 VAC switch is set to 230VAC when in fact it should be switched to 115 VAC.

Does the Aquaswitch I require any other device to help it switch banks?

Yes, the AquaSwitch I requires a Monitor/Controller in order to switch banks.

What is the recommended method to mount a Conductivity or Resistivity sensor?
The optimal method to mount the sensor is in the end of a tee with the water flowing directly into the tip of the sensor and flowing up and away at a 90 degree angle. Please see the 750 Series II Operations Manual for complete instructions.

I want to use my Monitor or Monitor/Controller for another application but the water quality is a totally different range. Can my existing unit be changed?
Our 750 Series II Conductivity/TDS and Resistivity Monitors and Monitor/Controllers can be “Re-Ranged” with a new range module to meet you changing needs. Simply un-plug the old range module and plug in the new range module into the circuit board. Refer to page 8 of the Operations Manual to see the Range Selection guide and to see if any minor modifications are necessary.

How can I tell what the model number of my Monitor or Monitor/Controller is?
The module number is circled on the transformer and printed on the back of the case.

Have other questions?  Try our literature database HERE, our video channel HERE, or use the handy Ask An Expert contact form at MyronLMeters.com.

Categories : Application Advice, Care and Maintenance, Product Updates, Technical Tips

Ultrameter: Measuring Conductivity, TDS and Resistivity: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 1 Mar, 2014

TweetPlease note:  These procedures apply to Ultrameters, Pool Pros, Tech Pros, and D-4 and D-6 dialysate meters. Measuring Conductivity & TDS 1. Rinse cell cup 3 times with sample to be measured. (This conditions the temperature compensation network and prepares the cell.) 2. Refill cell cup with sample. 3. Press COND or TDS. 4. Take […]

Please note:  These procedures apply to Ultrameters, Pool Pros, Tech Pros, and D-4 and D-6 dialysate meters.

Measuring Conductivity & TDS

1. Rinse cell cup 3 times with sample to be measured. (This conditions

the temperature compensation network and prepares the cell.)

2. Refill cell cup with sample.

3. Press COND or TDS.

4. Take reading. A display of [- – – -] indicates an over range condition.

Measuring Resistivity

Resistivity is for low conductivity solutions. In a cell cup the value may drift from trace contaminants or absorption from atmospheric gasses, so measuring a flowing sample is recommended.

1. Ensure pH protective cap is secure to avoid contamination.

2. Hold instrument at 30° angle (cup sloping downward).

3. Let sample flow continuously into conductivity cell with no aeration.

4. Press RES key; use best reading.

NOTE: If reading is lower than 10 kilohms display will be dashes: [ – – – – ]. Use Conductivity.

If you have further questions, please watch our Ultrameter 6P product overview video here: http://blog.myronlmeters.com/ultrameter-ii-product-review/

 IV. AFTER USING THE ULTRAMETER II

Maintenance of the Conductivity Cell

Rinse out the cell cup with clean water. Do not scrub the cell. For oily films, squirt in a foaming non-abrasive cleaner and rinse. Even if a very active chemical discolors the electrodes, this does not affect the accuracy; leave it alone.

Myron L Meters is the premier internet retailer of Myron L meters, solutions, parts and accessories. Save 10% on the Ultrameter II 6PFCe when you order online at MyronLMeters.com.

Categories : Application Advice, Technical Tips

Conductivity Conversion to TDS in the Ultrameter: MyronLMeters.com

Posted by 1 Mar, 2014

TweetElectrical conductivity indicates solution concentration and ionization of the dissolved material. Since temperature greatly affects ionization, conductivity measurements are temperature dependent and are normally corrected to read what they would be at 25°C. A.           How It’s Done Once the effect of temperature is removed, the compensated conductivity is a function of the concentration (TDS). Temperature […]

Electrical conductivity indicates solution concentration and ionization of the dissolved material. Since temperature greatly affects ionization, conductivity measurements are temperature dependent and are normally corrected to read what they would be at 25°C.

A.           How It’s Done

Once the effect of temperature is removed, the compensated conductivity is a function of the concentration (TDS). Temperature compensation of the conductivity of a solution is performed automatically by the internal processor with data derived from chemical tables. Any dissolved salt at a known temperature has a known ratio of conductivity to concentration. Tables of conversion ratios referenced to 25°C have been published by chemists for decades.

B.           Solution Characteristics

Real world applications have to measure a wide range of materials and mixtures of electrolyte solutions. To address this problem, industrial users commonly use the characteristics of a standard material as a model for their solution, such as KCl, which is favored by chemists for its stability.

Users dealing with sea water, etc., use NaCl as the model for their concentration calculations. Users dealing with freshwater work with mixtures including sulfates, carbonates and chlorides, the three predominant components (anions) in freshwater that Myron L calls “Natural Water”. These are modeled in a mixture called “442™” which Myron L uses as a calibration standard, as it does standard KCl and NaCl solutions.

The Ultrameter II contains algorithms for these 3 most commonly referenced compounds. The solution type in use is displayed on the left. Besides KCl, NaCl, and 442, there is the User choice. The benefit of the User solution type is that one may enter the temperature compensation and TDS ratio by hand, greatly increasing accuracy of readings for a specific solution. That value remains a constant for all measurements and should be reset for different dilutions or temperatures.

C.           When does it make a lot of difference?

First, the accuracy of temperature compensation to 25°C determines the accuracy of any TDS conversion. Assume we have industrial process water to be pretreated by RO. Assume it is 45°C and reads 1500 µS uncompensated.

1.         If NaCl compensation is used, an instrument would report 1035 µS compensated, which corresponds to 510 ppm NaCl.

2.         If 442 compensation is used, an instrument would report 1024 µS compensated, which corresponds to 713 ppm 442.

The difference in values is 40%.

In spite of such large error, some users will continue to take data in the NaCl mode because their previous data gathering and process monitoring was done with an older NaCl referenced device.

Selecting the correct Solution Type on the Ultrameter II will allow the user to attain true TDS readings that correspond to evaporated weight.

If none of the 3 standard solutions apply, the User mode must be used.

TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION (Tempco) and TDS DERIVATION

The Ultrameter II contains internal algorithms for characteristics of the 3 most commonly referenced compounds. The solution type in use is displayed on the left. Besides KCl, NaCl, and 442, there is the User choice. The benefit of User mode is that one may enter the tempco and TDS conversion values of a unique solution via the keypad.

A. Conductivity Characteristics
When taking conductivity measurements, the Solution Selection determines the characteristic assumed as the instrument reports what a measured conductivity would be if it were at 25°C. The characteristic is represented by the tempco, expressed in %/°C. If a solution of 100 µS at 25°C increases to 122 µS at 35°C, then a 22% increase has occurred over this change of 10°C. The solution is then said to have a tempco of 2.2 %/°C. Tempco always varies among solutions because it is dependent on their individual ionization activity, temperature and concentration. This is why the Ultrameter II features mathematically generated models for known salt characteristics that also vary with concentration and temperature.

B. Finding the Tempco of an Unknown Solution

One may need to measure compensated conductivity of some solution unlike any of the 3 standard salts. In order to enter a custom fixed tempco for a limited measurement range, enter a specific value through the User function. The tempco can be determined by 2 different methods:

1. Heat or cool a sample of the solution to 25°C, and measure its conductivity. Heat or cool the solution to a typical temperature where it is normally measured. After selecting User function, set the tempco to 0 %/°C as in Disabling Temperature Compensation, pg. 15 (No compensation). Measure the new conductivity and the new temperature. Divide the % decrease or increase by the 25°C value. Divide that difference by the temperature difference.

2. Heat or cool a sample of the solution to 25°C, and measure its conductivity. Change the temperature to a typical measuring temperature. Set the tempco to an expected value as in User Programmable Temperature Compensation, pg. 15. See if the compensated value is the same as the 25°C value. If not, raise or lower the tempco and measure again until the 25°C value is read.

C. Finding the TDS Ratio of an Unknown Solution

Once the effect of temperature is removed, the compensated conductivity is a function of the concentration (TDS).

There is a ratio of TDS to compensated conductivity for any solution, which varies with concentration. The ratio is set during calibration in User mode as in User Programmable Conductivity to TDS Ratio, pg. 16.
A truly unknown solution has to have its TDS determined by evaporation and weighing. Then the solution whose TDS is now known can be measured for conductivity and the ratio calculated. Next time the same solution is to be measured, the ratio is known.

ph and ORP (6PFCE)

1. pH as an Indicator (6PFCE)

pH is the measurement of Acidity or Alkalinity of an aqueous solution. It is also stated as the Hydrogen Ion activity of a solution. pH measures the effective, not the total, acidity of a solution.
A 4% solution of acetic acid (pH 4, vinegar) can be quite palatable, but a 4% solution of sulfuric acid (pH 0) is a violent poison. pH provides the needed quantitative information by expressing the degree of activity of an acid or base. In a solution of one known component, pH will indicate concentration indirectly. However, very dilute solutions may be very slow reading, just because the very few ions take time to accumulate.

2. pH Units (6PFCE)

The acidity or alkalinity of a solution is a measurement of the relative availabilities of hydrogen (H+) and hydroxide (OH-) ions. An increase in (H+) ions increases acidity, while an increase in (OH-) ions increases alkalinity. The total concentration of ions is fixed as a characteristic of water, and balance would be 10-7 mol/liter (H+) and (OH-) ions in a neutral solution (where pH sensors give 0 voltage).
pH is defined as the negative logarithm of hydrogen ion concentration. Where (H+) concentration falls below 10-7, solutions are less acidic than neutral, and therefore are alkaline. A concentration of 10-9 mol/liter of (H+) would have 100 times less (H+) ions than (OH-) ions and be called an alkaline solution of pH 9.

3. The pH Sensor (6PFCE)

The active part of the pH sensor is a thin glass surface that is selectively receptive to hydrogen ions. Available hydrogen ions in a solution will accumulate on this surface and a charge will build up across the glass interface. The voltage can be measured with a very high impedance voltmeter circuit; the dilemma is how to connect the voltmeter to solution on each side.
The glass surface encloses a captured solution of potassium chloride holding an electrode of silver wire coated with silver chloride. This is the most inert connection possible from a metal to an electrolyte. It can
still produce an offset voltage, but using the same materials to connect to the solution on the other side of the membrane causes the 2 equal offsets to cancel.
The problem is, on the other side of the membrane is an unknown test solution, not potassium chloride. The outside electrode, also called the Reference Junction, is of the same construction with a porous plug in place of a glass barrier to allow the junction fluid to contact the test solution without significant migration of liquids through the plug material. Figure 33 shows a typical 2 component pair. Migration does occur, and this limits the lifetime of a pH junction from depletion of solution inside the reference junction or from contamination. The junction may be damaged if dried out because insoluble crystals may form in a layer, obstructing contact with test solutions.

Capture

Figure 33

 

Glass Surface

H+ ions

Junction plug
Platinum button

 

KCl solution

 

 

Glass

 

 

Electrode wires

 

 

 

4. The Myron L Integral pH Sensor (6PFCE)

The sensor in the Ultrameter II (see Figure 34) is a single construction in an easily replaceable package. The sensor body holds an oversize solution supply for long life. The reference junction “wick” is porous to provide a very stable, low permeable interface, and is located under the glass pH sensing electrode. This construction combines all the best features of any pH sensor known.

5. Sources of Error (6PFCE)

The most common sensor problem will be a clogged junction because a sensor was allowed to dry out. The symptom is a drift in the “zero” setting at 7 pH. This is why the Ultrameter II 6PFCE does not allow more than 1 pH unit of offset during calibration. At that point the junction is unreliable.

b. Sensitivity Problems

Sensitivity is the receptiveness of the glass surface. A film on the surface can diminish sensitivity and cause a long response time.

c. Temperature Compensation

pH sensor glass changes its sensitivity slightly with temperature, so the further from pH 7 one is, the more effect will be seen. A pH of 11 at 40°C would be off by 0.2 units. The Ultrameter II 6PFCE senses the sensor well temperature and compensates the reading.

B. ORP/Oxidation-Reduction Potential/REDOX (6PFCE)

1. ORP as an Indicator (6PFCE)

ORP is the measurement of the ratio of oxidizing activity to reducing activity in a solution. It is the potential of a solution to give up electrons (oxidize other things) or gain electrons (reduce).
Like acidity and alkalinity, the increase of one is at the expense of the other, so a single voltage is called the Oxidation-Reduction Potential, with a positive voltage showing, a solution wants to steal electrons (oxidizing agent). For instance, chlorinated water will show a positive ORP value.

2. ORP Units (6PFCE)

ORP is measured in millivolts, with no correction for solution temperature. Like pH, it is not a measurement of concentration directly, but of activity level. In a solution of only one active component, ORP indicates concentration. Also, as with pH, a very dilute solution will take time to accumulate a readable charge.

3. The ORP Sensor (6PFCE)
An ORP sensor uses a small platinum surface to accumulate charge without reacting chemically. That charge is measured relative to the solution, so the solution “ground” voltage comes from a reference junction – same as the pH sensor uses.

4. The Myron L ORP Sensor (6PFCE)

Figure 34, pg. 45, shows the platinum button in a glass sleeve. The same reference is used for both the pH and the ORP sensors. Both pH and ORP will indicate 0 for a neutral solution. Calibration at zero compensates for error in the reference junction. A zero calibration solution for ORP is not practical, so the Ultrameter II 6PFCE uses the offset value determined during calibration to 7 in pH calibration (pH 7 = 0 mV). Sensitivity of the ORP surface is fixed, so there is no gain adjustment either.

5. Sources of Error (6PFCE)

The basics are presented in pH and ORP, pg. 44, because sources of error are much the same as for pH. The junction side is the same, and though the platinum surface will not break like the glass pH surface, its protective glass sleeve can be broken. A surface film will slow the response time and diminish sensitivity. It can be cleaned off with detergent or acid, as with the pH glass.

C. Free Chlorine

1. Free Chlorine as an Indicator of Sanitizing Strength Chlorine, which kills bacteria by way of its power as an oxidizing agent, is the most popular germicide used in water treatment. Chlorine is not only used as a primary disinfectant, but also to establish a sufficient residual level of Free Available Chlorine (FAC) for ongoing disinfection.

FAC is the chlorine that remains after a certain amount is consumed by killing bacteria or reacting with other organic (ammonia, fecal matter) or inorganic (metals, dissolved CO2, Carbonates, etc) chemicals in solution. Measuring the amount of residual free chlorine in treated water is a well accepted method for determining its effectiveness in microbial control.

The Myron L  FCE method for measuring residual disinfecting power is based on ORP, the specific chemical attribute of chlorine (and other oxidizing germicides) that kills bacteria and microbes.

2. FCE Free Chlorine Units

The 6PIIFCE is the first handheld device to detect free chlorine directly, by measuring ORP. The ORP value is converted to a concentration reading (ppm) using a conversion table developed by Myron L Company through a series of experiments that precisely controlled chlorine levels and excluded interferants.

Other test methods typically rely on the user visually or digitally interpreting a color change resulting from an added reagent-dye. The reagent used radically alters the sample’s pH and converts the various chlorine species present into a single, easily measured species. This ignores the effect of changing pH on free chlorine effectiveness and disregards the fact that some chlorine species are better or worse sanitizers than others.

The Myron L 6PIIFCE avoids these pitfalls. The chemistry of the test sample is left unchanged from the source water. It accounts for the effect of pH on chlorine effectiveness by including pH in its calculation. For these reasons, the Ultrameter II’s FCE feature provides the best reading-to-reading picture of the rise and fall in sanitizing effectivity of free available chlorine.

The 6PIIFCE also avoids a common undesirable characteristic of other ORP-based methods by including a unique Predictive ORP value in its FCE calculation. This feature, based on a proprietary model for ORP sensor behavior, calculates a final stabilized ORP value in 1 to 2 minutes rather than the 10 to 15 minutes or more that is typically required for an ORP measurement.

The Myron L Ultrameter II 6PFCe is available at MyronLMeters.com, the premier internet retailer of Myron L products. Save 10% on the Myron L Ultrameter II6 PFCe when you order online here: http://www.myronlmeters.com/Myron-L-6P-Ultrameter-II-Multiparameter-Meter-p/dh-umii-6pii.htm

 

Categories : Application Advice, Technical Tips